There are 3000
houses in the old section of the town and covers an area of 800.000
m2. All of the buildings in this part are traditional buildings.
There are only a few modern buildings with different architectural
characteristics. In some districts of the old section these have a
buildings are usually three storeyed, originally plastered with
tatlı sıva. Most of them have different types of projections
varying in number.
floors are made of rubble stone, and the upper floors are of timber
skeleton and filled with timber and mudbrick. The doors and the
windows of the façade are almost have the same peculiarities in
terms of dimension, shape. Timber and iron railings are common, but
cumba lattices and shutters are in minority. Ornamented supports
under projections are also common architectural elements of the old
part of the town.
The plan of the
roofs are square or rectangle, covered by Turkish tiles and zinc
plates. On some of the roofs Guşgana is seen.
contain most of the traditional architectural characteristics, and
some have simple arrangements. It can be concluded that buildings
which have most of the architectural characteristics, are the more
typical examples of Beypazarı residences.
As almost all
the houses are located on the side of the roads, they have no
gardens and the entrances are directly from the streets. The houses
with gardens, due to the topographic conditions have entrances
directly from the streets or from the gardens. The garden walls are
of rubble stone and are capped in Turkish tiles.
There are also
residences built of cut stone with arched windows and doors, mostly
three storeyed. However, these constructions are in minority and are
scattered in the old part of the town.
The houses were
generally built for the extended families. Ground floor is allocated
for service spaces, upper floors planned as living sections. Most of
these sections have service areas as w.c., kitchen. In all of the
residences ground floor consists of a taşlık at which there is a
basin, a fire place and a staircase, of which the first two steps
are of stone and rest of wood. Dam (stable or woo storage) and
sometimes servant accommodation are provided in two rooms (mostly
seen in large houses). In most of the attached houses messan is
connected to the taşlık. The floor of the taşlık is generally
paved in irregular stone, the rest is of rammed earth. The ceiling
is left exposed.
In some large
residences there is a Mazzanine above the ground floor. This floor
has a height of 200-250 cm. this is seen in types with inner and
central hall types. The height of the residences are four or three
floors. They either cover the whole storey or half the storey having
an inner sofa plan type. The rooms have simple cupboards and
fireplaces. In some cases the kitchen is placed on this floor and
not in the upper floors.
floors are for living areas, formed from rooms oriented around or at
the side of the sofa çardak. Generally service spaces as kitchen and
w.c. are located on these floors. These floors are much more
detailed than the ground floors and mezzanine (if exists). Doors,
built-in-closets, sergen ceilings are all worked out in detail in
timber figure 7. The continuation of ground floor stairs reach out
to the first and second floors if there is one. Top of the
staircases is closed by a cover called mamrak locally. Second
floor usually repeats the same plan and plan elements as in the
first floor. In some residences at which the first and second floors
have different plans. In Beytepe street no.15 and Hacılar street
no.8, the floors over ground floor have inner hall plan whereas, the
floors above have central hall plan.
specially with gardens there are guşgana. Some are designed in two
rooms, one of which is used for sitting. This room consists of a
seki and lambalık. Sometimes there is a balcony in front as
continuation of the floor stairs or a stair from the kitchen reach
out to the guşgana.
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Doç. Dr. Işık AKSULU (G.Ü.E.A.F.Department of Architecture) ...